ISRO will launch over 25 new missions in 2020. That will include much-talked missions including Chandrayaan 3 and Gaganyaan.
Chandrayaan 3: Scientists will launch Chandrayaan 3 by the end of the year. ISRO scientists will design and build an entirely new lander and rover. Since Orbiter is successfully orbiting around the moon, it will not be part of the Chandrayaan 3 mission. Chandrayaan 3 will feature less orbital manoeuvers than Chnadrayaan 2. To recall Chandrayaan 2 features 6 orbital manoeuvers.
That will be the second attempt from the space agency. In the first attempt that was happened on Septemeber 7, 2019 things did not go as per expectations when Vikram lander lost communication during an attempt for soft-landing. While the lander lost during landing but its orbiter is successfully placed at the orbit of the moon.
Aditya-L1: Aditya-L1 mission is expected to launch in the second half of the year. The mission’s purpose is to study the corona of the sun and is expected to launch in mid-2020. The satellite will be placed in the halo orbit around the Lagrangian point 1 (L1) of the sun-earth system, which is 1.5 million km from the earth.
The aim of the mission is to study why the corona of the sun is so hot, which has a temperature of more than a million degrees. On the contrary, the temperature of the solar disc is 600K.
The satellite is planned to be launched using the powerfull PSLV-XL rocket from Sriharikota. The satellite will be placed to the Lagrangian point 1 (L1) through various satellite maneuvers. The life cycle of the mission will be 5 years.
Gaganyaan: The mission will aim to send a three-person crew to space for a period of seven days where they will do microgravity experiments. ISRO will use the GSLV Mk-III rocket for the mission. Prime Minister Narender Modi himself ask ISRO to complete the mission by 2022.