India’s second lunar mission Chandrayaan 2 was launched on July 22, 2019. Although lander failed to land on the lunar surface it successfully completed a year around the moon’s orbit. Chandrayaan 2 was launched on July 22 while placed into the lunar orbit on August 20, 2019. ISRO says it has enough fuel to remain in the orbit for 6 more years.
“Though the soft-landing attempt was not successful, the orbiter, which was equipped with eight scientific instruments, was successfully placed in the lunar orbit. The orbiter completed more than 4,400 orbits around the Moon and all the instruments are currently performing well,” the Indian Space Research Organisation said.
Chandrayaan 2 mission included a six-wheeled rover ‘Pragyan’ and lander ‘Vikram.’ The lander was supposed to spend 14 earth days on the lunar surface. Chandrayaan-2’s Pragyaan rover was expected to experiment on the south pole of lunar– an area that is extremely cold and that has not received sunlight for billions of years.
The mission was launched on July 22 from Satish Dhawan Space Centre. If Chandrayaan 2 will successfully land the rover at the moon on September 7, it will become the fourth country to soft-land a rover on the lunar surface after Russia, the United States, and China.