Ancient Egyptian Pyramids are one of the 7 wonders of the world. It is the unimaginable example of civil engineering. But how did it built? So how did people 4,500 years ago create some of the largest, most iconic structures on Earth? How did people move such large stones weighing somewhere between 2 ton to 90 ton from one place to other as they don’t have any wheels to roll or pulley to lift such heavy objects?? Moreover, they didn’t have iron tools to chisel and shape their stonework.
No according to a new study by archeological, Egyptians who built the pyramids may have been able to move massive stone blocks across the desert by wetting the sand in front of a contraption built to pull the heavy objects.
Some people say that it was built by slaves. they did work throughout day and night and gave their blood as well. but no this is not correct. Those massive Pyramids were built by the skilled workers, well-fed Egyptian workers who lived in a nearby temporary city.
Researchers discovered an ancient Egyptians wall painting in the tomb of Djehutihotep, which dates back to about 1900 B.C., depicts 172 men hauling an immense statue using ropes attached to a sled. In the drawing, a person can be seen standing on the front of the sled, pouring water over the sand, said study lead author Daniel Bonn, a physics professor at the University of Amsterdam. This theory is kind of correct because water helps the grains of sand stick together and significantly reduces friction that makes easier to move the larger stones.
It solves the mystery about moving stones from one place other but how did those skilled workers lift such heavy stones.
Researchers believed that action would have involved a ramp of some sort, but they are not conclusive. It’s a particular challenge because the ramp would have needed to be very steep — an incline of about 20 degrees or so — and that would have posed a significant challenge for a 2.5 ton stone.
“This system is composed of a central ramp flanked by two staircases with numerous post holes,” Yannis Gourdon, co-director of the joint mission at Hatnub, told Live Science. “Using a sled which carried a stone block and was attached with ropes to these wooden posts, ancient Egyptians were able to pull up the alabaster blocks out of the quarry on very steep slopes of 20 percent or more.”
And the last one is how they chisel those stones as technology and weapons didn’t exist at that time.
“We actually don’t know the mechanism of cutting hard stones like red granite,” researchers said. “And we still don’t know how the ancient Egyptians lifted blocks weighing hundreds of tons up the sides of the pyramids.”
So it’s still a mystery that how these gigantic pyramids were formed.